Motion to Reduce Conviction Pursuant to Utah Code Section 76-3-402(2) (402 Motion)
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You can ask the court to reduce the degree of your criminal conviction if you meet certain requirements. This process is sometimes called a "402 reduction" or a "402 motion," which refers to the section of the law that describes the requirements and process. The full citation to the law is Utah Code Section 76-3-402.
A reduction of the degree of a conviction does not happen automatically. You have to meet the requirements, ask the court for the reduction and give the prosecutor time to respond.
Some people ask for a reduction because they hope to later try to expunge the crime from their record. See our Expunging Adult Criminal Records page for information about the expungement process.
The court may reduce the degree of a conviction by one degree if:
- You have successfully completed probation,
- You have paid all fines and court-ordered restitution, and either
- The court determines that it is in the interest of justice to reduce the degree of your conviction.
The court may reduce the charge by two degrees only if the prosecutor agrees and you have met the above requirements. An offense may not be reduced by more than two degrees.
Asking for the reduction
Once you have completed the motion paperwork, file it in the same court that handled the original criminal case using the same case number as the criminal case.
Check with the prosecutor to see if they will agree to the motion. If so, the prosecutor may complete a stipulation that is filed with the court.
The prosecutor will notify any victims in the case (if there are any) that you have filed a Motion for Reduction of Conviction. The prosecutor and/or the victim may file with the court a statement opposing your motion.
If either the prosecutor or the victim does file an opposition, the court will hold a hearing at which all parties will have an opportunity to present information and arguments. If neither the prosecutor nor the victim files a statement, the court may conduct a hearing on its own motion or may grant the motion without a hearing.
If the reduction is granted
If the judge grants your motion, the court will notify the Bureau of Criminal Identification (BCI). However, it is your responsibility to confirm with BCI that the reduction order has been made part of your criminal history. You may need to get a certified copy of the order from the court and provide that to BCI.
- Motion to Reduce Conviction Pursuant to Utah Code Section 76-3-402(2) - PDF | Word
- Request to Submit for Decision - PDF | Word
- Findings of Fact, Conclusions of Law and Order - PDF | Word
- Notice of Order - PDF | Word
- Stipulation (Signed by Prosecutor) - PDF | Word
- Reply to Statement Opposing the Motion -
(if the prosecutor has disagreed with the motion and presented a new matter in their response, and the moving party wishes to respond)
- Expunging Adult Criminal Records
- Fee Waiver
- Filing Procedures
- Finding Legal Help
- Free Legal Clinics
- Going to Court
- Rules of Civil Procedure
- Serving Papers
- Utah Code section 76-3-402
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