Finding Legal Help
You are not required to hire an attorney, but legal matters can be complicated. Consider talking to an attorney to go over your options. See the Finding Legal Help page for information about free and low cost ways to get legal help.
Como encontrar ayuda legal
Usted no está obligado a contratar un abogado, pero los asuntos legales pueden ser complicados. Considere la posibilidad de hablar con un abogado para hablar de sus opciones. Para información sobre cómo obtener ayuda legal vea nuestra página Como encontrar ayuda legal.
- Judicial Recognition of a Relationship as a Marriage (Common Law Marriage)
- Marriage Records
To get married in Utah, you need to have a marriage license and to have the marriage solemnized. You can apply for a marriage license at any county clerk's office. Visit the Utah City and County page on the state's website for links to local government pages, and look for a link that says something like County Clerk. It is a good idea to check with the county clerk's office where you intend to get the marriage license for any specific requirements.
There is no waiting period before you can get married. As soon as you get your license, you can get married. However, the license is only valid for 30 days. If you do not have the marriage solemnized within that time, the license will expire.
You will need the following to apply for a marriage license:
- Both parties must be present at the time of application.
- Full names, addresses and date and place of birth of both parties.
- The social security card of both parties, unless a party doesn't have a social security number.
- The names and birth places of the parents of both parties, including mother's maiden name.
- Valid picture ID such as a passport, birth certificate, drivers license, or state ID card.
- A license fee is charged in most counties, which includes two certified copies of the license. Note: Some counties do not charge a fee for the license, but do charge for the certified copies.
Who May Solemnize a Marriage
A minister, rabbi, priest, county clerk, Native American spiritual adviser, the Governor, mayors, court commissioners and judges, as well as particular members of the legislature may perform wedding ceremonies. Two witnesses over 18 must also be present at the wedding ceremony.
The person who solemnizes the marriage must sign a certificate of marriage and then files the certificate and the marriage license with the county clerk who issued the license.
Marriage of a Minor
You must be at least 15 years old to be married in Utah. If you are over 18, you do not need consent to get married. If you are 16 or 17, you need signed consent from a parent or guardian, which must be given in person to the county clerk before a marriage license will be issued.
If you are 15 years old, you need consent from a parent or guardian, and:
- The juvenile court must approve the marriage, and must conclude that the marriage is voluntary and in the best interests of the minor.
- The juvenile court may require premarital counseling.
- The juvenile court may impose other conditions, such as requiring the minor to continue to attend school.
If you are under 18 but you have been married before, you do not need consent a second time.
Marriage Between Relatives
You cannot marry your first cousin, or anyone related more closely than a first cousin, such as an aunt, uncle, niece, nephew, parent or child, brother or sister.
However, first cousins can marry if both are over 65, or, if both parties are over 55, if the court finds that they are unable to reproduce.
The following marriages are void in Utah:
- When one party is married to someone else.
- When a party is a minor, unless consent has been given (see above).
- When a party is divorced, but the decree is not final.
While the current statute says marriages between persons of the same sex are void, the United States Supreme Court has declared such marriages constitutional. Consider contacting an attorney if you have questions about same-sex marriage.
Information about annulling a marriage is available on the court's Annulment page.
To get a record of a marriage that took place in Utah in 1978 or later, contact the Utah Office of Vital Records and Statistics.
For marriages that took place in Utah before 1978, contact the clerk's office where the marriage took place for records information.
Information about researching very old marriage records is provided on the Utah History Research Center's Marriage Records page.
For marriages that took in place in states other than Utah, consult the Where to Write for Vital Records page for contact information.
The Utah State Courts mission is to provide the people an open, fair, efficient, and independent system for the advancement of justice under the law.