(a) Definition; form. "Judgment" as used in these rules includes a decree or order that adjudicates all claims and the rights and liabilities of all parties or any other order from which an appeal of right lies. A judgment should not contain a recital of pleadings, the report of a master, or the record of prior proceedings.
(b) Judgment upon multiple claims and/or involving multiple parties. When an action presents more than one claim for relief—whether as a claim, counterclaim, cross claim, or third party claim—and/or when multiple parties are involved, the court may enter judgment as to one or more but fewer than all of the claims or parties only if the court expressly determines that there is no just reason for delay. Otherwise, any order or other decision, however designated, that adjudicates fewer than all the claims or the rights and liabilities of fewer than all the parties does not end the action as to any of the claims or parties, and may be changed at any time before the entry of judgment adjudicating all the claims and the rights and liabilities of all the parties.
(c) Demand for judgment.A default judgment must not differ in kind from, or exceed in amount, what is demanded in the pleadings. Every other judgment should grant the relief to which each party is entitled, even if the party has not demanded that relief in its pleadings.
(d)(1) To whom awarded. Unless a statute, these rules, or a court order provides otherwise, costs should be allowed to the prevailing party. Costs against the state of Utah, its officers and agencies may be imposed only to the extent permitted by law.
(d)(2) How assessed. The party who claims costs must not later than 14 days after the entry of judgment file and serve a verified memorandum of costs. A party dissatisfied with the costs claimed may, within 7 days after service of the memorandum of costs, object to the claimed costs.
(d)(3) Memorandum filed before judgment. A memorandum of costs served and filed after the verdict, or at the time of or subsequent to the service and filing of the findings of fact and conclusions of law, but before the entry of judgment, is deemed served and filed on the date judgment is entered.
(e) Amending the judgment to add costs or attorney fees. If the court awards costs under paragraph (d) or attorney fees under Rule 73 after the judgment is entered, the prevailing party must file and serve an amended judgment including the costs or attorney fees. The court will enter the amended judgment unless another party objects within 7 days after the amended judgment is filed.
Advisory Committee Notes
In Butler v. Corporation of The President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, 2014 UT 41, the Supreme Court established the requirements of a judgment entered by means of a Rule 54(b) certification:
First, it must be entered in an action involving multiple claims or multiple parties. Second, it must have been entered on an order that would otherwise be appealable but for the fact that other claims or parties remain in the action. …. Third, the trial court, in its discretion, must make a determination that there is no just reason for delay of the appeal. Id. ¶28
To satisfy the second requirement, the Supreme Court in Butlerincluded, in addition to the other requirements of appealability, the principle that the order must include one of the three indicia of finality imposed by former Rule 7(f)(2): a proposed order submitted with the supporting or opposing memorandum; an order prepared at the direction of the judge; an express indication that a further order was not required. The 2015 amendments to Rule 7 replace these indicia with the judge’s signature. The 2015 amendments of Rule 7, Rule 54 and Rule 58A do not disturb the principles established in Butler; they do make simpler the task of satisfying the requirement that the interlocutory order be complete under Rule 7 before it can be certified under Rule 54.
Paragraph (e) describes the process by which the determination of costs or fees becomes part of the judgment. If there is legal error in entering judgment for costs or attorney fees, that error is reviewable on appeal just like any other.
The Utah State Courts mission is to provide the people an open, fair, efficient, and independent system for the advancement of justice under the law.