Rule 901. ?Authenticatingor Identifying Evidence.
(b)(1) Testimony of a Witness with Knowledge.Testimony that an item is what it is claimed to be.
(b)(2) Nonexpert OpinionAbout Handwriting. A nonexpert?s opinionthat handwriting is genuine, based on a familiaritywith it that was not acquired for the current litigation.
(b)(3) Comparison by an Expert Witness or the Trierof Fact. A comparison with an authenticated specimen byan expert witness or the trier of fact.
(b)(4) Distinctive Characteristics and the Like.The appearance, contents, substance, internal patterns, orother distinctive characteristics of the item, taken together with all the circumstances.
(b)(5) Opinion About aVoice. An opinion identifying a person?s voice ? whether heard firsthand orthrough mechanical or electronic transmission or recording ? based on hearingthe voice at any time under circumstances that connect it with the allegedspeaker.
(b)(6) Evidence About aTelephone Conversation. For a telephone conversation, evidence that a callwas made to the number assigned at the time to:
(b)(6)(A) a particular person, ifcircumstances, including self-identification, show that the person answeringwas the one called; or
(b)(6)(B) a particular business, if thecall was made to a business and the call related to business reasonablytransacted over the telephone.
(b)(7) Evidence AboutPublic Records. Evidence that:
(b)(7)(A) a document was recorded orfiled in a public office as authorized by law; or
(b)(7)(B) a purported public record orstatement is from the office where items of this kind are kept.
(b)(8) Evidence AboutAncient Documents or Data Compilations. For a document or data compilation,evidence that it:
(b)(8)(A) is in a condition thatcreates no suspicion about its authenticity;
(b)(8)(B) was in a place where, ifauthentic, it would likely be; and
(b)(8)(C) is at least 20 years old whenoffered.
(b)(9) Evidence About aProcess or System. Evidence describing a process orsystem and showing that it produces an accurate result.
(b)(10) Methods Provided by a Statute or Rule.
2011 Advisory Committee Note.
Original Advisory Committee Note.