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Rule 701. ?Opinion Testimony by LayWitnesses.


If awitness is not testifying as an expert, testimony in the form of an opinion islimited to one that is:


(a)      rationally based on the witness?s perception;


(b)      helpful to clearly understanding the witness?s testimony or todetermining a fact in issue; and


(c)      notbased on scientific, technical, or other specialized knowledge within the scopeof Rule 702.



EffectiveNovember 1, 2009



2011 Advisory Committee Note.  The language ofthis rule has been amended as part of the restyling of the Evidence Rules tomake them more easily understood and to make style and terminology consistentthroughout the rules. These changes are intended to be stylistic only. There isno intent to change any result in any ruling on evidence admissibility. Thisrule is the federal rule, verbatim.