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Rule 103.Rulings on Evidence.


(a)   Preservinga Claim of Error. A party may claim error in a ruling to admit or exclude evidenceonly if the error affects a substantial right of the party and:

 ?????????? (a)(1)   if the ruling admits evidence, a party, on the record:


(a)(1)(A)   timely objects or movesto strike; and


(a)(1)(B) ? statesthe specific ground, unless it was apparent from the context; or


(a)(2)   if the ruling excludesevidence, a party informs the court of its substance by an offer of proof,unless the substance was apparent from the context.


(b)   NotNeeding to Renew an Objection or Offer of Proof. Once the court rulesdefinitively on the record ? either before or at trial ? a party need not renewan objection or offer of proof to preserve a claim of error for appeal.


(c)   Court?sStatement About the Ruling; Directing an Offer ofProof. Thecourt may make any statement about the character or form of the evidence, theobjection made, and the ruling. The court may direct that an offer of proof be made in question-and-answer form.


(d)   Preventingthe Jury from Hearing Inadmissible Evidence. To the extent practicable, the court must conduct a jurytrial so that inadmissible evidence is not suggestedto the jury by any means.


(e)   TakingNotice of Plain Error. A court may take notice of a plain error affecting asubstantial right, even if the claim of error was not properly preserved.



2011Advisory Committee Note. ?The language of this rule has been amended as part of the restyling of the EvidenceRules to make them more easily understood and to make style and terminologyconsistent throughout the rules. These changes are intendedto be stylistic only. There is no intent to change any result in any ruling onevidence admissibility. This rule is the federal rule, verbatim.


Original Advisory CommitteeNote.  Thisrule is the federal rule, verbatim. The 2001 amendment adopts changes made inFederal Rule of Evidence 103(a) effective December 1, 2000.