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Rule103. Rulings on Evidence


(a)   Preservinga Claim of Error. Aparty may claim error in a ruling to admit or exclude evidence only if theerror affects a substantial right of the party and:


(1)   if the ruling admitsevidence, a party, on the record:


(A)   timelyobjects or moves to strike; and


(B) statesthe specific ground, unless it was apparent from the context; or


(2)   if the ruling excludes evidence, a party informs thecourt of its substance by an offer of proof, unless the substance was apparentfrom the context.


(b)   NotNeeding to Renew an Objection or Offer of Proof. Once the court rules definitively onthe record — either before or at trial — a party need not renew an objection oroffer of proof to preserve a claim of error for appeal.


(c)   Court’sStatement About the Ruling; Directing an Offer of Proof. The court may make any statementabout the character or form of the evidence, the objection made, and theruling. The court may direct that an offer of proof be made in question-and-answerform.


(d)   Preventingthe Jury from Hearing Inadmissible Evidence. To the extent practicable, the court must conduct a jurytrial so that inadmissible evidence is not suggested to the jury by any means.


(e)   TakingNotice of Plain Error.A court may take notice of a plain error affecting a substantial right, even ifthe claim of error was not properly preserved.


2011 Advisory CommitteeNote. – The languageof this rule has been amended as part of the restyling of the Evidence Rules tomake them more easily understood and to make style and terminology consistent throughoutthe rules. These changes are intended to be stylistic only. There is no intentto change any result in any ruling on evidence admissibility. This rule is thefederal rule, verbatim.




Thisrule is the federal rule, verbatim. The 2001 amendment adopts changes made inFederal Rule of Evidence 103(a) effective December 1, 2000.