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Rule 1001. Definitions That Apply toThis Article


In this article:


(a)      A “writing” consistsof letters, words, numbers, or their equivalent set down in any form.


(b)      A “recording”consists of letters, words, numbers, or their equivalent recorded in anymanner.


(c)      A “photograph” meansa photographic image or its equivalent stored in any form.


(d)      An “original” of awriting or recording means the writing or recording itself or any counterpartintended to have the same effect by the person who executed or issued it. Forelectronically stored information, “original” means any printout — or otheroutput readable by sight — if it accurately reflects the information. An“original” of a photograph includes the negative or a print from it.


(e)      A “duplicate” means acounterpart produced by a mechanical, photographic, chemical, electronic, orother equivalent process or technique that accurately reproduces the original.



2011 Advisory Committee Note. – The language of this rule has beenamended as part of the restyling of the Evidence Rules to make them more easilyunderstood and to make style and terminology consistent throughout the rules.These changes are intended to be stylistic only. There is no intent to changeany result in any ruling on evidence admissibility. This rule is the federalrule, verbatim.




This rule isthe federal rule, verbatim. The definition of "writing" insubdivision (1) corresponds in substance with Rule 1(12), Utah Rules ofEvidence (1971).