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Rule 54. Judgments; costs.

(a) Definition; form."Judgment" as used in these rules includes a decree or order thatadjudicates all claims and the rights and liabilities of all parties or any otherorder from which an appeal of right lies. A judgment should not contain arecital of pleadings, the report of a master, or the record of priorproceedings.

(b) Judgment upon multiple claims and/orinvolving multiple parties. When an action presents more than oneclaim for relief?whether as a claim, counterclaim, cross claim, or third partyclaim?and/or when multiple parties are involved, the court may enter judgmentas to one or more but fewer than all of the claims or parties only if the courtexpressly determines that there is no just reason for delay. Otherwise, anyorder or other decision, however designated, that adjudicates fewer than allthe claims or the rights and liabilities of fewer than all the parties does notend the action as to any of the claims or parties, and may be changed at anytime before the entry of judgment adjudicating all the claims and the rightsand liabilities of all the parties.

(c) Demand for judgment. Adefault judgment must not differ in kind from, or exceed in amount, what isdemanded in the pleadings. Every other judgment should grant the relief towhich each party is entitled, even if the party has not demanded that relief inits pleadings.

(d) Costs.

(d)(1)To whom awarded. Unless a statute, theserules, or a court order provides otherwise, costs should be allowed to theprevailing party. Costs against the state of Utah, its officers and agencies maybe imposed only to the extent permitted by law.

(d)(2)How assessed. The party who claims costs must not laterthan 14 days after the entry of judgment file and serve a verified memorandumof costs. A party dissatisfied with the costs claimed may,within 7 days after service of the memorandum of costs, object to the claimed costs.

(d)(3)Memorandum filed before judgment. A memorandum of costsserved and filed after the verdict, or at the time of or subsequent to theservice and filing of the findings of fact and conclusions of law, but beforethe entry of judgment, is deemed served and filed on the date judgment isentered.

(e) Amending the judgment to add costsor attorney fees. If the court awards costs under paragraph(d) or attorney fees under Rule 73 after the judgment isentered, the prevailing party must file and serve an amended judgment includingthe costs or attorney fees. The court will enter the amended judgment unlessanother party objects within 7 days after the amended judgment is filed.

Advisory Committee Notes


Effective November 1, 2016.