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Rule 30. Decision of the court; noticeof decision.

(a) Decision in civil cases. The courtmay reverse, affirm, modify, or otherwise dispose of any order or judgmentappealed from. If the findings of fact in a case are incomplete, the court mayorder the trial court or agency to supplement, modify, or complete the findingsto make them conform to the issues presented and the facts as found from theevidence and may direct the trial court or agency to enter judgment inaccordance with the findings as revised. The court may also order a new trialor further proceedings to be conducted. If a new trial is granted, the courtmay pass upon and determine all questions of law involved in the case presentedupon the appeal and necessary to the final determination of the case.

(b) Decision in criminal cases. If ajudgment of conviction is reversed, a new trial shall be held unless otherwisespecified by the court. If a judgment of conviction or other order is affirmedor modified, the judgment or order affirmed or modified shall be executed.

(c) Decision and opinion in writing;entry of decision. When a judgment, decree, or order is reversed, modified, oraffirmed, the reasons shall be stated concisely in writing and filed with theclerk. Any justice or judge concurring or dissenting may likewise give reasonsin writing and file the same with the clerk. The entry by the clerk in therecords of the court shall constitute the entry of the judgment of the court.

(d) Decision without opinion. If, afteroral argument, the court concludes that a case satisfies the criteria set forthin Rule 31(b), it may dispose of the case by order without written opinion. Thedecision shall have only such effect as precedent as is provided for by Rule31(f).

(e) Notice of decision. Immediately uponthe entry of the decision, the clerk shall give notice to the respectiveparties and make the decision public in accordance with the direction of thecourt.

(f) Citation of decisions. Publisheddecisions of the Supreme Court and the Court of Appeals, and unpublisheddecisions of the Court of Appeals issued on or after October 1, 1998, may becited as precedent in all courts of the State. Other unpublished decisions mayalso be cited, so long as all parties and the court are supplied with accuratecopies at the time all such decisions are first cited.

 

 

Effective May 1, 2018