Rule 4-202. Purpose.
To recognize the delicate balance of interests served by open and closed court records.
This rule applies to the judicial branch.
Statement of the Rule:
(1) This list of interests served by public court records is not exhaustive but is meant to illustrate the important objectives of open government:
(1)(A) to obtain information concerning the conduct of the publicís business;
(1)(B) to educate the public about the workings of government and the decisions being made on the publicís behalf;
(1)(C) to contribute to informed debate;
(1)(D) to hold public officers and employees accountable;
(1)(E) to increase public confidence;
(1)(F) to give notice of important claims, rights and obligations; and
(1)(G) to provide material for independent research on improving government policy.
(2) This list of interests served by non-public court records is not exhaustive but is meant to illustrate the important objectives protected by selectively closing court records:
(2)(A) to protect personal privacy;
(2)(B) to protect personal and public safety;
(2)(C) to protect a property interest that would be lost or devalued if opened to public view;
(2)(D) to promote the rehabilitation of offenders, especially youthful offenders; and
(2)(E) to protect non-parties participating in the court process, such as victims, witnesses, and jurors.