(a)Theserulesconstitutethesimplifiedrulesofprocedureand evidencein small claimscasesrequired by the Utah Codeand shall bereferred toas the Rules ofSmallClaims Procedure.They are tobeinterpretedto carryout thestatutorypurpose ofsmall claimscases,dispensing speedyjusticebetween theparties.
(b)Theserulesapply to the initial trialandany appeal underRule12.? These rulesdonotapplytoanactiontransferredfromjusticecourtto the generalcivilcalendar ofthe districtcourt,except as set out in Rule 12.
(c)If the SupremeCourthasapproved a formfor usein smallclaimsactions,partiesmustfiledocumentssubstantiallysimilar informtotheapprovedform.
(d)Bypresentingadocument, a party iscertifyingthattothe best of theparty'sknowledgeit is not beingpresented for animproper purposeand thelegal andfactualcontentionsare madeingood faith. If thecourt determinesthatthiscertification has beenviolated, thecourtmayimposean appropriatesanctionupon theattorneyorparty.
In Simler v. Chilel, 2016 UT 23, the UtahSupreme Court concluded that ?the Utah Constitution guarantees the right to ajury trial in a small claims trial de novo.? By electing to file a complaintseeking a low damages award in district court, plaintiffs have always been ableto obtain a jury trial, but defendants have had no corresponding option. Theserules have been revised to include a mechanism for defendants to transfer theircases from justice court to the district court where a jury trial is availablein the first instance pursuant to the Utah Rules of Civil Procedure.? These rules now also provide a right to ajury trial in de novo appeals to the district court of a judgment in a smallclaims action tried without a jury.