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  • Delinquencies | Bailable Offenses | Citation Diversion Unit
    Preliminary Inquiry | Arraignment | Pretrial | Trial | Post Dispositional Information
    Your Rights, Confidentiality, Definitions | Free Legal Advice

    My child has been charged by the police with a law violation.

    What happens Next?

    A referral (police report) is created by the police department and delivered to the Juvenile Court.  Depending on the charge it may fall into one of the following levels of the process.

    Find where your case fits and follow the links for further information.

    Level 1:  Bailable Offenses:
    For youth under 16 years of age -- Most traffic offenses, parks & recreation violations, wildlife violations, and some minor infractions. You will receive a Notice of Bailable Offense.

    Level 2:  Citation Diversion Unit (CDU):
    The first to third time at Juvenile Court, all other offenses, Class B misdemeanor or below.  The police officer gives you a date and time to appear at Juvenile Court or you receive a letter instructing you to appear for CDU class.

    Level 3:  Preliminary Inquiry (PI):
    All offenses not eligible for CDU, usually Class B misdemeanor or higher.  You will receive a letter from a probation officer giving you the date and time for a meeting.

    Level 4:  Arraignment:
    If you have not appeared at the CDU class or a Preliminary Inquiry, or you failed to comply with a non-judicial assessment.  You will receive a Notice of Hearing from the Court regarding your court appearance.

    Level 5:  Pretrial:
    You indicated to the probation department or Judge that you wish to deny the charge or have an attorney.  You will receive a Notice of Hearing for Pretrial.

    Level 6:  Trial:
    You have met with the Deputy County Attorney and no resolution has been reached.  You will receive a Notice of Hearing for Trial and have an opportunity to call witnesses in your defense.

    Level 7:  Post Dispositional Information:
    What if I can't pay my fines or complete my court ordered obligations?

    A parent or guardian must be in attendance with the juvenile at every stage of the Juvenile Court process

    Juvenile Court records are confidential and not open to inspection or release with some exceptions. 

    Learn more about Juvenile Court Confidentiality Rules

    Your Right to an Attorney:

    You have the right to have an attorney at any stage in the process.  If you cannot afford one then you can request one either at the front desk or when you meet with a probation officer.  If you meet the financial guidelines, then an attorney will be appointed to represent you in all matters relating to this charge.

    Free Legal Advice is available.  For more information relating to your rights follow this link:
    Your Rights Under the Law

    Fourth District Juvenile Court
    2021 S State, Provo  84604
    99 East Center, Orem UT 84057
    765 S Hwy 99 Suite 5, Fillmore UT 84631
    1361 S Hwy 40, Heber UT  84032
    PO Box 308, Nephi UT 84648

    The Utah State Courts mission is to provide the people an open, fair, efficient, and independent system for the advancement of justice under the law.

    Page Last Modified: 11/5/2014
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