Advisory Committee Notes
Rule 5(d) is amended to give the trial court the option, either on an ad hoc basis or by local rule, of ordering that discovery papers, depositions, written interrogatories, document requests, requests for admission, and answers and responses need not be filed unless required for specific use in the case. The committee is of the view that a local rule of the district courts on the subject should be encouraged.
The 1999 amendment to subdivision (b)(1)(B) does not authorize the court to conduct a hearing with less than 5 days notice, but rather specifies the manner of service of the notice when the court otherwise has that authority.
Paragraph (b)(1)(A) has been changed to allow service by means other than U.S. Mail and hand delivery if consented to in writing by the person to be served, i.e. the attorney of the party. Electronic means include facsimile transmission, e-mail and other possible electronic means.
While it is not necessary to file the written consent with the court, it would be advisable to have the consent in the form of a stipulation suitable for filing and to file it with the court.
Paragraph (b)(1)(B) establishes when service by electronic means, if consented to in writing, is complete. The term "normal business hours" is intended to mean 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. Monday through Friday, excluding legal holidays. If a fax or e-mail is received after 5:00 p.m., the service is deemed complete on the next business day.
Since the Rules of Juvenile Procedure do not have a rule on serving papers, this rule applies in juvenile court proceedings under Rule 1, Rule 81(a) and Rule of Juvenile Procedure 2.
Under paragraph (b)(3)(A), electronically filing a document has the effect of serving the document on lawyers who have an e‑filing account. (Lawyers representing parties in the district court are required to have an account and electronically file documents. Code of Judicial Administration Rule 4‑503.) The 2015 amendment excepts from this provision documents electronically filed in juvenile court.
Although electronic filing in the juvenile court presents to the parties the documents that have been filed, the juvenile court e‑filing application (CARE), unlike that in the district court, does not deliver an email alerting the party to that fact. The Board of Juvenile Court Judges and the Advisory Committee on the Rules of Juvenile Procedure believe this difference renders electronic filing alone insufficient notice of a document having been filed. So in the juvenile court, a party electronically filing a document must serve that document by one of the other permitted methods.